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The purpose of sentencing and why it matters
Akhbar Satar | 12 Oct 2018 00:30
Across the globe there are many different types of criminal justice systems to maintain social order and accomplish justice in their areas of jurisdiction. For decades, the Malaysian criminal justice system has relied on punishment as the mechanism to reduce crime and recidivism.

Criminologists find that people obey the law not just because of their moral values but also because they are afraid of being punished. Psychologists believe that being social-conditioned while we were growing up as kids, that those found making mistakes will be punished, is an important part of building a society which seeks to reduce crime and wrongdoing.

Punishment, according to the dictionary, involves the infliction of pain or forfeiture or imposition of a penalty as retribution for an offence, chastisement or castigation by the judicial arm of the State. Punishment is also the last stage of a criminal proceeding after the accused is found to be guilty of the charged offence. Recidivism or having repeat offenders refers to the percentage of former prisoners who are rearrested for a similar offence.

The Research Unit in the Criminal Justice Policy & Planning Division of Connecticut found that of 11,245 inmates who left state prisons during 2014, 60% were arrested for a new offence within three years of their release. This is why it is very important to treat them while they are incarcerated. However, Norway and Sweden have only about 20% recidivism.

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